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Mouse Monoclonal to CD4

EM4 (IgG2a)

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Background

CD4 (T4) is a single chain transmembrane glycoprotein and belongs to immunoglobulin supergene family. In extracellular region there are 4 immunoglobulin-like domains (1 Ig-like V-type and 3 Ig-like C2-type). Transmembrane region forms 25 aa, cytoplasmic tail consists of 38 aa. Domains 1,2 and 4 are stabilized by disulfide bonds. The intracellular domain of CD4 is associated with p56Lck, a Src-like protein tyrosine kinase. It was described that CD4 segregates into specific detergent-resistant T-cell membrane microdomains.
Extracellular ligands: MHC class II molecules (binds to CDR2-like region in CD4 domain 1); HIV envelope protein gp120 (binds to CDR2-like region in CD4 domain 1); IL-16 (binds to CD4 domain 3), Human seminal plasma glycoprotein gp17 (binds to CD4 domain 1), L-selectin
Intracellular ligands: p56Lck
CD4 is a co-receptor involved in immune response (co-receptor activity in binding to MHC class II molecules) and HIV infection (human immunodeficiency virus; CD4 is primary receptor for HIV-1 surface glycoprotein gp120). CD4 regulates T-cell activation, T/B-cell adhesion, T-cell diferentiation, T-cell selection and signal transduction. Defects in antigen presentation (MHC class II) cause dysfunction of CD4+ T-cells and their almost complete absence in patients blood, tissue and organs (SCID immunodeficiency).

Specificity

The mouse monoclonal antibody EM4 recognizes CD4 antigen, a 55 kDa transmebrane glycoprotein expressed on a subset of T lymphocytes (“helper“ T-cells) and also on monocytes, tissue macrophages and granulocytes. This antibody does not block Leu3a and OKT4 binding, and blocks HIV-1 infection in cell to cell system. Very strong flow cytometry staining, brighter than Leu3a, OKT4 and other.

Regulatory Status

Immunogen

Normal human blood lymphocytes

Species Reactivity:

  • Human

Negative Species:

Applications:

  • Flow Cytometry
  • Immunoprecipitation
  • Western Blotting
    Application note: non-reducing conditions
  • Functional Application
    blocking
Usage note:
Indicated dilutions are recommended starting points for use of this product. Working concentrations should be determined by the investigator.

Product Specific References

  • *Filatov AV, Krotov GI, Zgoda VG, Volkov Y: Fluorescent immunoprecipitation analysis of cell surface proteins: a methodology compatible with mass-spectrometry. J Immunol Methods. 2007 Jan 30;319(1-2):21-33. [Abstract]
  • For research use only. Not for drug, diagnostic or other use.

    Example Data

    EM4 purified


    Fig. 1. Surface staining of human buffy coat cells with anti-CD4 (EM4) purified / GAM-APC.

    Unless indicated otherwise, all products are For Research Use Only and not for diagnostic or therapeutic use. Not for resale or transfer either as a stand-alone product or as a component of another product without written consent of EXBIO. EXBIO will not be held responsible for patent infringement or other violations that may occur with the use of our products. All orders are accepted subject to EXBIO´s term and conditions which are available at www.exbio.cz.
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