|Specificity:||The mouse monoclonal antibody EM4 recognizes CD4 antigen, a 55 kDa transmebrane glycoprotein expressed on a subset of T lymphocytes (“helper“ T-cells) and also on monocytes, tissue macrophages and granulocytes. This antibody does not block Leu3a and OKT4 binding, and blocks HIV-1 infection in cell to cell system. Very strong flow cytometry staining, brighter than Leu3a, OKT4 and other.|
|Immunogen:||Normal human blood lymphocytes|
Application note: non-reducing conditions
|Purity:||> 95% (by SDS-PAGE)|
|Purification:||Purified from hybridoma culture supernatant by protein-A affinity chromatography.|
|Storage Buffer:||Phosphate buffered saline (PBS) with 15 mM sodium azide, approx. pH 7.4|
|Storage / Stability:||Store at 2-8°C. Do not freeze. Do not use after expiration date stamped on vial label.|
|Expiration:||See vial label|
|Lot Number:||See vial label|
|Background:||CD4 (T4) is a single chain transmembrane glycoprotein and belongs to immunoglobulin supergene family. In extracellular region there are 4 immunoglobulin-like domains (1 Ig-like V-type and 3 Ig-like C2-type). Transmembrane region forms 25 aa, cytoplasmic tail consists of 38 aa. Domains 1,2 and 4 are stabilized by disulfide bonds. The intracellular domain of CD4 is associated with p56Lck, a Src-like protein tyrosine kinase. It was described that CD4 segregates into specific detergent-resistant T-cell membrane microdomains.
Extracellular ligands: MHC class II molecules (binds to CDR2-like region in CD4 domain 1); HIV envelope protein gp120 (binds to CDR2-like region in CD4 domain 1); IL-16 (binds to CD4 domain 3), Human seminal plasma glycoprotein gp17 (binds to CD4 domain 1), L-selectin
Intracellular ligands: p56Lck
CD4 is a co-receptor involved in immune response (co-receptor activity in binding to MHC class II molecules) and HIV infection (human immunodeficiency virus; CD4 is primary receptor for HIV-1 surface glycoprotein gp120). CD4 regulates T-cell activation, T/B-cell adhesion, T-cell diferentiation, T-cell selection and signal transduction. Defects in antigen presentation (MHC class II) cause dysfunction of CD4+ T-cells and their almost complete absence in patients blood, tissue and organs (SCID immunodeficiency).
*Filatov AV, Krotov GI, Zgoda VG, Volkov Y: Fluorescent immunoprecipitation analysis of cell surface proteins: a methodology compatible with mass-spectrometry. J Immunol Methods. 2007 Jan 30;319(1-2):21-33.
For laboratory research only, not for drug, diagnostic or other use.
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