|Specificity:||The mouse monoclonal antibody BA5b recognizes CD26, a 110 kDa type II membrane glycoprotein, which is a peptidase expressed on mature thymocytes, T cells (especially activated), B cells, NK cells and macrophages.
HLDA VI; WS Code N-L078
|Immunogen:||A human T cell clone|
|Preparation:||The purified antibody is conjugated with R-Phycoerythrin (PE) under optimum conditions. The conjugate is purified by size-exclusion chromatography and adjusted for direct use. No reconstitution is necessary.|
|Storage Buffer:||The reagent is provided in stabilizing phosphate buffered saline (PBS) solution containing 15mM sodium azide.|
|Storage / Stability:||Store in the dark at 2-8°C. Do not freeze. Avoid prolonged exposure to light. Do not use after expiration date stamped on vial label.|
|Usage:||The reagent is designed for Flow Cytometry analysis of human blood cells using 20 μl reagent / 100 μl of whole blood or 106 cells in a suspension.
The content of a vial (2 ml) is sufficient for 100 tests.
|Expiration:||See vial label|
|Lot Number:||See vial label|
|Background:||CD26, also known as dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV), is a homodimeric cell surface serine peptidase that degradates IFN-gamma-induced cytokines, acts as a T cell costimulatory molecule, and participates in multiple immunopathological roles in leukocyte homing and inflammation. Alterations in its peptidase activity are characteristic of malignant transformation. The enzymatic activity increases dramatically with tumour grade and severity. CD26 is expressed in various blood cell types, but also e.g. in cells that are histogenetically related to activated fibroblasts. Alterations in CD26 density have been reported on circulating monocytes and CD4+ T cells during rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus.|
*Ellingsen T, Hornung N, Møller BK, Hjelm-Poulsen J, Stengaard-Pedersen K: In active chronic rheumatoid arthritis, dipeptidyl peptidase IV density is increased on monocytes and CD4(+) T lymphocytes. Scand J Immunol. 2007 Oct;66(4):451-7.
*Stremenova J, Krepela E, Mares V, Trim J, Dbaly V, Marek J, Vanickova Z, Lisa V, Yea C, Sedo A: Expression and enzymatic activity of dipeptidyl peptidase-IV in human astrocytic tumours are associated with tumour grade. Int J Oncol. 2007 Oct;31(4):785-92.
*Kotacková L, Baláziová E, Sedo A: Expression pattern of dipeptidyl peptidase IV activity and/or structure homologues in cancer. Folia Biol (Praha). 2009;55(3):77-84.
*Dohi O, Ohtani H, Hatori M, Sato E, Hosaka M, Nagura H, Itoi E, Kokubun S: Histogenesis-specific expression of fibroblast activation protein and dipeptidylpeptidase-IV in human bone and soft tissue tumours. Histopathology. 2009 Oct;55(4):432-40.
*Wong PT, Wong CK, Tam LS, Li EK, Chen DP, Lam CW: Decreased expression of T lymphocyte co-stimulatory molecule CD26 on invariant natural killer T cells in systemic lupus erythematosus. Immunol Invest. 2009;38(5):350-64.
*Leukocyte Typing V., Schlossman S. et al. (Eds.), Oxford University Press (1995).
*Leukocyte Typing VI., Kishimoto T. et al. (Eds.), Garland Publishing Inc. (1997).
For laboratory research only, not for drug, diagnostic or other use.
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