|Specificity:||The antibody MEM-229 recognizes CD105 (Endoglin), a 90 kDa type I integral membrane homodimer glycoprotein expressed on vascular endothelial cells (small and large vessels), activated monocytes and tissue macrophages, stromal cells of certain tissues including bone marrow, pre-B lymphocytes in fetal marrow and erythroid precursors in fetal and adult bone marrow; it is also present on syncytiotrophoblast on placenta throughout pregnancy.|
|Immunogen:||Recombinant Vaccinia virus containing the human CD105 (L-isoform) cDNA.|
|Species Reactivity:||Human, Porcine|
|Negative Species:||Canine (Dog), Equine (Horse)|
|Preparation:||The purified antibody is conjugated with R-Phycoerythrin (PE) under optimum conditions. The conjugate is purified by size-exclusion chromatography and adjusted for direct use. No reconstitution is necessary.|
|Storage Buffer:||The reagent is provided in stabilizing phosphate buffered saline (PBS) solution containing 15mM sodium azide.|
|Storage / Stability:||Store in the dark at 2-8°C. Do not freeze. Avoid prolonged exposure to light. Do not use after expiration date stamped on vial label.|
|Usage:||The reagent is designed for Flow Cytometry analysis of human blood cells using 20 μl reagent / 100 μl of whole blood or 106 cells in a suspension.
The content of a vial (2 ml) is sufficient for 100 tests.
|Expiration:||See vial label|
|Lot Number:||See vial label|
|Background:||CD105 (Endoglin) is a homodimeric transmembrane glycoprotein serving in presence of TGFbetaR-2 as a receptor for TGFbeta-1 and TGFbeta-3. CD105 is highly expressed on endothelial cells and promotes angiogenesis during wound healing, infarcts and in a wide range of tumours and its gene expression is stimulated by hypoxia. CD105 prevents apoptosis in hypoxic endothelial cells and also antagonises the inhibitory effects of TGFbeta-1 on vascular endothelial cell growth and migration. Normal cellular levels of CD105 are required for formation of new blood vessels.|
*Zhu Y, Sun Y, Xie L, Jin K, Sheibani N, Greenberg DA: Hypoxic induction of endoglin via mitogen-activated protein kinases in mouse brain microvascular endothelial cells. Stroke. 2003 Oct;34(10):2483-8.
*Li C, Issa R, Kumar P, Hampson IN, Lopez-Novoa JM, Bernabeu C, Kumar S: CD105 prevents apoptosis in hypoxic endothelial cells. J Cell Sci. 2003 Jul 1;116(Pt 13):2677-85.
*Guo B, Slevin M, Li C, Parameshwar S, Liu D, Kumar P, Bernabeu C, Kumar S: CD105 inhibits transforming growth factor-beta-Smad3 signalling. Anticancer Res. 2004 May-Jun;24(3a):1337-45.
*Warrington K, Hillarby MC, Li C, Letarte M, Kumar S: Functional role of CD105 in TGF-beta1 signalling in murine and human endothelial cells. Anticancer Res. 2005 May-Jun;25(3B):1851-64.
*Piao M, Tokunaga O: Significant expression of endoglin (CD105), TGFbeta-1 and TGFbeta R-2 in the atherosclerotic aorta: an immunohistological study. J Atheroscler Thromb. 2006 Apr;13(2):82-9.
*Plánka L, Necas A, Srnec R, Rauser P, Starý D, Jancár J, Amler E, Filová E, Hlucilová J, Kren L, Gál P: Use of allogenic stem cells for the prevention of bone bridge formation in miniature pigs. Physiol Res. 2009;58(6):885-93.
For laboratory research only, not for drug, diagnostic or other use.
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