|Specificity:||The antibody LNK16 reacts with CD16, a low affinity receptor for aggregated IgG (FcgammaRIII antigen). CD16 exists in two different isoforms: CD16a (FcgammaRIIIA; 50-65 kDa; expressed on NK-cells, monocytes and macrophages) and CD16b (FcgammaRIIIB; 48 kDa; mainly expressed on neutrophils).
HLDA V; WS Code M MA069
HLDA V; WS Code NK NK50
|Immunogen:||Normal human peripheral blood granulocytes|
|Species Reactivity:||Human, Non-Human Primates|
|Preparation:||The purified antibody is conjugated with Fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) under optimum conditions. The reagent is free of unconjugated FITC and adjusted for direct use. No reconstitution is necessary.|
|Storage Buffer:||The reagent is provided in stabilizing phosphate buffered saline (PBS) solution containing 15mM sodium azide.|
|Storage / Stability:||Store in the dark at 2-8°C. Do not freeze. Avoid prolonged exposure to light. Do not use after expiration date stamped on vial label.|
|Usage:||The reagent is designed for Flow Cytometry analysis of human blood cells using 20 μl reagent / 100 μl of whole blood or 106 cells in a suspension.
The content of a vial (0.5 ml) is sufficient for 25 tests.
|Expiration:||See vial label|
|Lot Number:||See vial label|
|Background:||CD16 (FcgammaRIII) is a 50-65 kDa glycoprotein serving as a low affinity IgG receptor. Human FcgammaRIII is expressed in two forms – FcgammaRIII-A and -B. FcgammaRIII-A is a transmembrane protein of monocytes, macrophages, NK cells and a subset of T cells. It is associated with FcepsilonRI-gamma subunit and is responsible for antibody-dependent NK cell cytotoxicity. Mast cell FcgammaRIII-A is associated, moreover, with FcepsilonRI-beta subunit. Besides IgG, FcgammaRIII-A can be triggered also by oligomeric IgE. FcgammaRIII-B is a GPI-linked monomeric receptor expressed on neutrophils and is involved in their activation and induction of a proadhesive phenotype.|
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*Kocher M, Siegel ME, Edberg JC, Kimberly RP: Cross-linking of Fc gamma receptor IIa and Fc gamma receptor IIIb induces different proadhesive phenotypes on human neutrophils. J Immunol. 1997 Oct 15;159(8):3940-8.
*Arase N, Arase H, Hirano S, Yokosuka T, Sakurai D, Saito T: IgE-mediated activation of NK cells through Fc gamma RIII. J Immunol. 2003 Mar 15;170(6):3054-8.
*Leukocyte Typing V., Schlossman S. et al. (Eds.), Oxford University Press (1995).
*Tamm A, Schmidt RE: The binding epitopes of human CD16 (Fc gamma RIII) monoclonal antibodies. Implications for ligand binding. J Immunol. 1996 Aug 15;157(4):1576-81.
*Boyle JJ: Human macrophages kill human mesangial cells by Fas-L-induced apoptosis when triggered by antibody via CD16. Clin Exp Immunol. 2004 Sep;137(3):529-37.
*Lin CW, Liu TY, Chen SU, Wang KT, Medeiros LJ, Hsu SM: CD94 1A transcripts characterize lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukemia of immature natural killer cell origin with distinct clinical features. Blood. 2005 Nov 15;106(10):3567-74.
*Mathison RD, Befus AD, Davison JS, Woodman RC: Modulation of neutrophil function by the tripeptide feG. BMC Immunol. 2003 Mar 4;4:3. Epub 2003 Mar 4.
*Hovden AO, Karlsen M, Jonsson R, Aarstad HJ, Appel S: Maturation of monocyte derived dendritic cells with OK432 boosts IL-12p70 secretion and conveys strong T-cell responses. BMC Immunol. 2011 Jan 5;12:2.
For laboratory research only, not for drug, diagnostic or other use.
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