|Specificity:||The antibody MEM-31 recognizes a conformationally-dependent epitope of CD8, a cell surface glycoprotein found on most cytotoxic T lymphocytes that mediates efficient cell-cell interactions within the immune system. CD8 is a disulfide-linked dimer and exists as a CD8 alpha/alpha homodimer or CD8 alpha/beta heterodimer (each monomer approx. 32-34 kDa).
The antibody does not react with formaldehyde-fixed cells; negative in Western Blotting application.
HLDA III; WS Code T 575
|Immunogen:||Crude thymus membrane fraction.|
Recommended dilution:1 μg/ml
|Purity:||> 95% (by SDS-PAGE)|
|Purification:||Purified from ascites by protein-A affinity chromatography.|
|Storage Buffer:||Phosphate buffered saline (PBS) with 15 mM sodium azide, approx. pH 7.4|
|Storage / Stability:||Store at 2-8°C. Do not use after expiration date stamped on vial label. For long-term storage aliquot and store at -20°C. Avoid freeze/thaw cycles.|
|Expiration:||See vial label|
|Lot Number:||See vial label|
|Background:||The CD8 T cell coreceptor (monomer approx. 32-34 kDa) is expressed as alpha/beta heterodimer on majority of MHC I-restricted conventional T cells and thymocytes and as alpha/alpha homodimer on subsets of memory T cells, intraepithelial lymphocytes, NK cells and dendritic cells. Regulation of CD8 beta level on T cell surface seems to be an important mechanism to control their effector function. Assembly of CD8 alpha-beta but not alpha-alpha dimers is connected with formation or localization to the lipid rafts. Recruiting triggered TCR complexes to these membrane microdomains as well as affinity of TCR to MHC I is modulated by CD8, thereby affecting the functional diversity of the TCR signaling.|
*Devine L, Thakral D, Nag S, Dobbins J, Hodsdon ME, Kavathas PB: Mapping the binding site on CD8 beta for MHC class I reveals mutants with enhanced binding. J Immunol. 2006 Sep 15;177(6):3930-8.
*Pang DJ, Hayday AC, Bijlmakers MJ.: CD8 Raft localization is induced by its assembly into CD8alpha beta heterodimers, Not CD8alpha alpha homodimers. J Biol Chem. 2007 May 4;282(18):13884-94.
*van den Berg HA, Wooldridge L, Laugel B, Sewell AK: Coreceptor CD8-driven modulation of T cell antigen receptor specificity. J Theor Biol. 2007 Nov 21;249(2):395-408.
*Horejsi V et al.: Monoclonal antibodies against human leucocyte antigens. I. Antibodies against beta-2-microglobulin, immunoglobulin kappa light chains, HLA-DR-like antigens, T8 antigen, T1 antigen, a monocyte antigen, and a pan-leucocyte antigen. Folia Biol. (Praha) 32, 12 (1986).
*Leukocyte Typing III., McMichael A. J. et al (Eds.), Oxford University Press (1987).
*Horejsí V, Angelisová P, Bazil V, Kristofová H, Stoyanov S, Stefanová I, Hausner P, Vosecký M, Hilgert I: Monoclonal antibodies against human leucocyte antigens. II. Antibodies against CD45 (T200), CD3 (T3), CD43, CD10 (CALLA), transferrin receptor (T9), a novel broadly expressed 18-kDa antigen (MEM-43) and a novel antigen of restricted expression (MEM-74). Folia Biol (Praha). 1988;34(1):23-34.
*Brdicková N, Brdicka T, Angelisová P, Horváth O, Spicka J, Hilgert I, Paces J, Simeoni L, Kliche S, Merten C, Schraven B, Horejsí V: LIME: a new membrane Raft-associated adaptor protein involved in CD4 and CD8 coreceptor signaling. J Exp Med. 2003 Nov 17;198(10):1453-62.
*Drbal K, Moertelmaier M, Holzhauser C, Muhammad A, Fuertbauer E, Howorka S, Hinterberger M, Stockinger H, Schütz GJ: Single-molecule microscopy reveals heterogeneous dynamics of lipid raft components upon TCR engagement. Int Immunol. 2007 May;19(5):675-84.
*Estefanía E, Flores R, Gómez-Lozano N, Aguilar H, López-Botet M, Vilches C: Human KIR2DL5 is an inhibitory receptor expressed on the surface of NK and T lymphocyte subsets. J Immunol. 2007 Apr 1;178(7):4402-10.
*Linnebacher M, Wienck A, Boeck I, Klar E: Identification of an MSI-H tumor-specific cytotoxic T cell epitope generated by the (-1) frame of U79260(FTO). J Biomed Biotechnol. 2010;2010:841451.
For laboratory research only, not for drug, diagnostic or other use.
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