|Specificity:||The antibody MEM-115 recognizes an epitope in the D1 domain of CD4 antigen, a 55 kDa transmebrane glycoprotein expressed on a subset of T lymphocytes (“helper“ T cells) and also on monocytes, tissue macrophages and granulocytes. It is negative in Western blotting even with non-reduced samples of cell lysates.
HLDA V; WS Code T T-CD04.09
|Immunogen:||Human thymocytes and T lymphocytes.|
The antibody MEM-115 blocks binding of HIV gp120 to CD4 molecule and it also strongly inhibits CD4-MHC Class II interactions.
Recommended dilution:3 μg/ml
Although it has not been tested rigorously, following data suggest that the antibody MEM-115 is a low-affinity antibody: its binding to T cells increases at elevated temperature; monovalent Fab fragments essentially do not bind to T cells.
|Purity:||> 95% (by SDS-PAGE)|
|Purification:||Purified by protein-A affinity chromatography|
|Storage Buffer:||Phosphate buffered saline (PBS) with 15 mM sodium azide, approx. pH 7.4|
|Storage / Stability:||Store at 2-8°C. Do not freeze. Do not use after expiration date stamped on vial label.|
|Expiration:||See vial label|
|Lot Number:||See vial label|
|Background:||CD4 is a single chain transmembrane glycoprotein and belongs to immunoglobulin supergene family. In extracellular region there are 4 immunoglobulin-like domains (1 Ig-like V-type and 3 Ig-like C2-type). Transmembrane region forms 25 aa, cytoplasmic tail consists of 38 aa. Domains 1,2 and 4 are stabilized by disulfide bonds. The intracellular domain of CD4 is associated with p56Lck, a Src-like protein tyrosine kinase. It was described that CD4 segregates into specific detergent-resistant T-cell membrane microdomains.
Extracellular ligands: MHC class II molecules (binds to CDR2-like region in CD4 domain 1); HIV envelope protein gp120 (binds to CDR2-like region in CD4 domain 1); IL-16 (binds to CD4 domain 3), Human seminal plasma glycoprotein gp17 (binds to CD4 domain 1), L-selectin
Intracellular ligands: p56Lck
CD4 is a co-receptor involved in immune response (co-receptor activity in binding to MHC class II molecules) and HIV infection (human immunodeficiency virus; CD4 is primary receptor for HIV-1 surface glycoprotein gp120). CD4 regulates T-cell activation, T/B-cell adhesion, T-cell diferentiation, T-cell selection and signal transduction. Defects in antigen presentation (MHC class II) cause dysfunction of CD4+ T-cells and their almost complete absence in patients blood, tissue and organs (SCID immunodeficiency).
*Millan J, Cerny J, Horejsi V, Alonso MA: CD4 segregates into specific detergent-resistant T-cell membrane microdomains. Tissue Antigens. 1999 Jan;53(1):33-40.
*Foti M, Phelouzat MA, Holm A, Rasmusson BJ, Carpentier JL: p56Lck anchors CD4 to distinct microdomains on microvilli. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Feb 19;99(4):2008-13.
Clapham PR, McKnight A.: Cell surface receptors, virus entry and tropism of primate lentiviruses. J Gen Virol. 2002 Aug;83(Pt 8):1809-29.
*Leukocyte Typing V., Schlossman S. et al. (Eds.), Oxford University Press (1995).
*Brdicková N, Brdicka T, Angelisová P, Horváth O, Spicka J, Hilgert I, Paces J, Simeoni L, Kliche S, Merten C, Schraven B, Horejsí V: LIME: a new membrane Raft-associated adaptor protein involved in CD4 and CD8 coreceptor signaling. J Exp Med. 2003 Nov 17;198(10):1453-62.
*Bosze S, Caccamo N, Majer Z, Mezo G, Dieli F, Hudecz F: In vitro T-cell immunogenicity of oligopeptides derived from the region 92-110 of the 16-kDa protein of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Biopolymers. 2004;76(6):467-76.
*Singer II, Scott S, Kawka DW, Chin J, Daugherty BL, DeMartino JA, DiSalvo J, Gould SL, Lineberger JE, Malkowitz L, Miller MD, Mitnaul L, Siciliano SJ, Staruch MJ, Williams HR, Zweerink HJ, Springer MS: CCR5, CXCR4, and CD4 are clustered and closely apposed on microvilli of human macrophages and T cells.
For laboratory research only, not for drug, diagnostic or other use.
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